WHITE PAPER ON SOLAS REGULATIONS

WHITE PAPER ON SOLAS REGULATIONS

Sector

 

Cargo


Company

 

IMO

Our solution

 

Bilanciai Group offer an extensive range of industrial weighing equipment, weighbridges and specialist software. Ahead of the July 2016 deadline, the company has already developed specific SOLAS software for their DD1050 and DD2050 Diade intelligent weight terminals, designed to integrate directly with the management systems of the relevant port and shipping authorities. This software, together with the company’s range of intelligent weight terminals, can be used for new weighbridge installations or to upgrade existing ones. It is also suitable for collating the weighing of cargo as it is loaded into the container. The weights of the individual containers can be captured together with their unique serial numbers. This data can then be made available via:

  • paper printout or
  • transfer in CSV (Excel) format by automatic email or memory stick or
  • direct transfer to SQL database on a PC.

Method 1 – Weighing the container complete with contents

This is considered to be the most straightforward and reliable method of determining the gross weight of a container.

Bilanciai already have extensive experience in the automated weighing of vehicles and their contents at ports and terminals. A key advantage is that Bilanciai manufacture the complete weighbridge measuring chain including: the weighbridge decks, the all-important load cells, weight instrumentation and software. This single-source supply ensures a fully integrated and reliable system. Bilanciai are the first UK weighbridge manufacturer to achieve EN1090 certification for their weighbridges. This under-pins the quality of their weighbridge products, providing the reassurance to the market of our fabrication and welding expertise, together with our production control capabilities. (From the 1st July 2014 it has become a legal requirement within the UK that all structural steel work being dispatched from production facilities for use within civil works must be CE Marked. This CE requirement is based on the European Construction Product Regulation (CPR).)

Method 2 – Weighing the component parts
Depending on the products involved, collating all the weights of the sub-components and packaging materials (dunnage) of a container prior to loading may be relatively complex, unless a very structured system is in place to check all products have been weighed and loaded. Any calculation method has to be certified by the competent authority in the State where the container is packed.

If the products being loaded into the container are prepacked (sealed) and have their individual weights marked on the packages there is no requirement to re-weigh them. However any additional packaging suck as pallets must be weighed and added to the total weight. Even if a certified system is used for obtaining the weight of the container, from a belt and braces viewpoint, shippers and/or freight forwarders may still want to check the overall weight of the container to avoid penalties or delays at the port.

For companies choosing to adopt Method 2, Bilanciai have the experience and equipment for such collective weight applications. A range of industrial weigh scales and forklift truck weighing systems can be used in conjunction with their DD1050 terminals loaded with SOLAS software and peripheral equipment such as barcode scanners. The tare weights of the individual containers can be captured together with their unique serial numbers and combined with the collective weight of the cargo to arrive at a verified gross weight. This data can then be made available via:

  • paper printout or
  • transfer in CSV (Excel) format by automatic email or memory stick or
  • direct transfer to SQL database on a PC.

Conclusion
There are still a number of unanswered questions relating to the weighing of containers and answers will continue to come throughout 2016 as the changes take effect. Bilanciai believe ports and terminals will require significant additional weighing capacity and IT infrastructure to collate and manage the data prior to shipping. They recognize that the key to success is to use a weight data management system that is specifically designed for the implementation of SOLAS regulations. Bilanciai are offering specialist help to companies involved in complying with the SOLAS regulations.

To find out more about our SOLAS weighing solutions please contact us.

Appendix

Mass versus Weight
This can be very confusing and the situation is not helped by terminology used! In general weighing parlance, weight is taken to mean the same as mass, and is measured in kilograms.

Mass is a measure of the amount of material in an object, whereas weight is the gravitational force acting on a body or mass (although for trading purposes it is taken to mean the same as mass). Mass is directly related to the number and type of atoms present in the object. Mass does not change with a body’s position, movement or alteration of its shape unless material is added or removed. The unit of mass in the SI system is the kilogram (abbreviation kg) which is defined to be equal to the mass of the international prototype of the kilogram held at the Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM) near Paris. Mass can also be defined as the inertial resistance to acceleration.

Most modern weighing equipment actually measures weight not mass. The gravitational force g varies around the globe and therefore scales measuring weight are calibrated at the point at which they are used using traceable masses. As a result, a container weighed in the UK will weigh the same in Australia or even on the moon, provided the scales are correctly calibrated at their location.

Container shipping
Container shipping is different from conventional shipping because it uses ‘containers’ of various standard sizes – 20 foot (6.09 m), 40 foot (12.18 m) , 45 foot (13.7 m), 48 foot (14.6 m), and 53 foot (16.15 m) – to load, transport, and unload goods. As a result, containers can be moved seamlessly between ships, trucks and trains. The two most important, and most commonly used sizes today, are the 20-foot and 40-foot lengths.
The 20-foot container, referred to as a Twenty-foot Equivalent Unit (TEU) became the industry standard reference so now cargo volume and vessel capacity are commonly measured in TEU. The 40-foot length container – literally 2 TEU – became known as the Forty-foot Equivalent Unit (FEU) and is the most frequently used container today.

Weightron Bilanciai installation (UK) – Bilanciai Group

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